Due to the ways alcohol and cigarettes are ingested and the effects they have on the body are highly variable, it’s impossible to determine whether drinking alcohol or smoking cigarettes is worse for one’s health. However, as you mention in your question, both are dangerous, especially when used in unsafe contexts and in large quantities. The risks of drinking and smoking to human body were unknown. Many years ago, the. Fortunately, contemporary research has clearly defined the negative side effects of alcohol consumption and cigarette smoking, so now it’s possible to know exactly what one is risking when lighting up or taking one too many shots. Consuming alcohol without abuse does not necessarily cause harm, it may be important to note that. But the same cannot be said of tobacco use.
Drinking – Disadvantages
But heavier alcohol use can lead to some serious health problems — especially in women, who have a higher risk of developing breast cancer than those who don’t drink, The Huffington Post reported in October. According to the CDC, It may also result in neurological, cardiovascular or mental health problems. Excessive alcohol consumption is known to cause many serious health problems, including the development of 60 major types of disease and approximately 2.5 million deaths per year, more than HIV or tuberculosis. Excessive alcohol consumption necessarily could bring out the following list of ailments that have been directly linked to:
Unintentional injuries due to impairment of psychomotor abilities, such as falls, drowning, and poisoning
Intentional injuries including suicide and self-harm
Weakened immune system, which increases susceptibility to the common cold and other viruses
Cancers of the throat, mouth, liver, oesophagus, breast, and colon
Neuropsychiatric disorders, such as epilepsy and withdrawal-induced seizures
Alcohol is ranked globally as the third leading cause of disease and disability, after child malnutrition and unprotected sex. People are bound to take risks while under the influence of alcohol, including engaging in unsafe sex In fact, because alcohol is known to reduce inhibitions and individuals are more inclined to take such risks. Further, unprotected sex while under the influence may lead to a multitude of sexually transmitted infections such as chlamydia, gonorrhoea, herpes, and HIV. Alcohol is an addictive substance, which can increase exposure to these risks, additionally, it’s important to know that all of these risks are exacerbated. The most critical factors with alcohol are how much is consumed (short and long-term) and the decisions a person makes after consuming. Consume alcohol in moderation and not experience any short or long term negatives, using harm reduction strategies a person can make the choice to like drinking.
Smoking – Disadvantages
Cigarette smoking is a sometimes-social habit that has serious health effects, including heart disease, stroke and lung cancer, according to the CDC. Now with cigarettes which are highly addictive, it’s key to note that there are more than 4,000 chemicals found in the average cigarette. The purpose of some of these chemicals is to stimulate addiction, which increases the urge to smoke more frequently.
There is contribution to the addiction factor for most people; also there is also a genetic component. Put simply, there is no safe level of cigarette use.
Cigarette smoke inhalation is linked with many diseases and ailments that are also associated with alcohol consumption. Such diseases include:
Cardiovascular diseases such as Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm, Cerebrovascular Disease, and Coronary Heart Disease
There is probability for cancers of the bladder, cervix, oesophagus, kidney, lungs, and mouth in addition to reduced female fertility, preterm delivery, low birth weight, and foetal death reproductive effects etc. Cigarette smoking can also cause coughing, wheezing, lung function decline, and susceptibility to acute respiratory illnesses such as pneumonia
Approximately six million preventable deaths per year, are caused due cigarette smoking(which includes non-smokers who are exposed to smoke in their environments). Six to eight per cent of healthcare costs in the United States is made up of smoking. In fact, tobacco kills up to half of its users. Smoking cessation programs are accessible through many health care providers and the good news is that many smokers want to quit smoking. The degenerative effects of cigarette smoke on the lungs are reversible to a point, so quitting is well worth it. This is perhaps the more promising fact.